There are 6 major disciplines of toxicology such as:
- Descriptive Toxicologist
- Mechanistic Toxicologist
- Clinical Toxicologist
- Environmental Toxicologist
- Regulatory Toxicologist
- Forensic Toxicologist
A. Heavy Metals- use by humans plays an important role in determining their potential for health effects. Effect on health, by increasing the presence of heavy metals in air, water, soil, and food, and changing the structure of the chemical.
B. Solvents and Vapors-Everyone is exposed to solvents, vapors may pose a threat to the population.
C. Radiation and Radioactive Materials- release and propagation of energy in space or through a material medium in the form of waves.
D. Dioxin/Furans (or TCDD) - by-product of chlorine processing in paper producing industries.
E. Pesticides - described as any physical, chemical, or biological agent that will kill an undesirable plant or animal pest.
F. Microbial toxins -Bacteria, fungi and algae are the microorganisms typically associated with microbial toxin production.
G. Mushroom toxins-produce a family of cyclic octapeptides that they called amanitins.
H. Plant Toxins-made by plants can be lethal. One of the main toxic proteins is "ricin" from the seeds of castor bean plant.
I. Animal Toxins-Venomous animals are defined as those that are capable of produce a poison that can deliver by toxin through biting or stinging.
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Modern Toxicology 3rd edition, 2004 , by Ernest Hodgson PhD.
Clinical Chemistry techniques,principles,correlations 6th edition,2010, by Michael L. Bishop et al.